The Nairobi International Convention on Wreck Removal entered into force in State Parties on 14th April 2015. This Convention, under the auspices of IMO, fills a gap in the existing international legal framework by providing the first set of uniform international rules aimed at ensuring the prompt and effective removal of wrecks located beyond a country’s territorial sea. From a practical point of view, the Nairobi Convention sets out that registered owners of ships of 300 gross tonnage and over registered in a State party, or entering or leaving a port in the territory of a State party, will need insurance cover arrangements which meet the requirements of the Convention and a certificate from a State party attesting that such insurance is in force. Spain is not party to this Convention and therefore its provisions have not been implemented into our national law. The applicable regime on wreck removal in Spain is the newly approved Spanish Shipping Act.